The term ingrown toenails, you spot a problem pertaining podiatry characterized by the penetration of the nail plate in the edge periungual
This condition causes a lesion in situ which clinically manifested by pressure pain (usually in contact with the shoe) an obvious inflammation, skin hyperemic and in more complicated cases, the presence of blood and granulocytic exudate (pus) up to the granuloma formation. All this due to the fact that the penetration of the foil within the perionichio (Region surrounding the nail) is recorded by our body as a foreign body, activating a result, all the mechanisms of defense of our own body
The conditions that determine the onset dell'onicocriptosi seen in 50% of cases a wrong cut of the nail plate, in 20% of cases an alteration to its load of nail matrix, in 15% direct trauma or continuous with the shoe in 15% biomechanical alterations borne toe. Furthermore conditions of hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), dry skin or onicofosi (hyperkeratotic thickening in edge periungual) but especially the neglect and disregard of the problem, may predispose to clinical rather important.
The treatment dell'onicocriptosi involves the excision and the consequent removal of the portion of the nail due to the lesion, without the use of anesthetics. Following will be performed specific medications made by the patient and supported by tight controls by the professional podiatrist to achieve complete healing and then recovered fully damaged tissue. It is indicated when the nail plate is many times predisposing all'onicocriptosi, treatment rehabilitation nail (orthonixia). Through this method by the application of nitinol wires, caps resins etc .. are unable to determine a small but sufficient traction on the nail to prevent this goes to injure the rim again periungual.